Lituus

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Revision as of 17:19, 18 March 2009 by A WASSERMANN (talk | contribs)
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A lituus is a spiral in which the angle is inversely proportional to the square of the radius (as expressed in polar coordinates).

[math]r^2\theta = k \,[/math]

The JavaScript code to produce this picture

<jsxgraph width="500" height="500" box="box1">
 var b1 = JXG.JSXGraph.initBoard('box1', {axis:true,originX: 250, originY: 250, unitX: 25, unitY: 25});
 var k = b1.createElement('slider', [[1,8],[5,8],[0,1,4]]);
 var c = b1.createElement('curve', [function(phi){return Math.sqrt(k.Value()/phi); }, [0, 0],0, 8*Math.PI],
             {curveType:'polar', strokewidth:4});      
</jsxgraph>

Other curves

A rose or rhodonea curve is a sinusoid plotted in polar coordinates. Up to similarity, these curves can all be expressed by a polar equation of the form

[math] \!\,r=\cos(k\theta).[/math]

If k is an integer, the curve will be rose shaped with

   * 2k petals if k is even, and
   * k petals if k is odd.

When k is even, the entire graph of the rose will be traced out exactly once when the value of θ changes from 0 to 2π. When k is odd, this will happen on the interval between 0 and π. (More generally, this will happen on any interval of length [math]2\pi[/math] for [math]k[/math] even, and [math]\pi[/math] for [math]k[/math] odd.)

The quadrifolium is a type of rose curve with n=2. It has polar equation:

[math] r = \cos(2\theta), \,[/math]

with corresponding algebraic equation

[math] (x^2+y^2)^3 = (x^2-y^2)^2. \, [/math]


External links